Law is a discipline and profession that deals with the rules of conduct that govern a community. These rules are usually recognized and enforced through the authority of a government or other organization. There are a variety of types of law, ranging from common to very complex. The following are some common areas of law: immigration, family law, consumer rights, and debt.
Law affects every aspect of our lives, from the way we interact with our neighbors to the rules of our nation’s courts. It is divided into several sub-branches. Labour law, for example, involves the tripartite industrial relationship between employers and employees. It also deals with collective bargaining and the right to strike. Individual employment law, on the other hand, focuses on rights and obligations within the workplace. Criminal and civil procedure deal with the rules of court proceedings. Evidence law, on the other hand, concerns admissibility of evidence in courts.
Competition law, also known as antitrust law, traces its roots to ancient Roman decrees that prohibited price fixing. During the early twentieth century, anti-monopoly and anti-cartel statutes in the U.S. helped regulate businesses and protect consumers. Some of the most prominent examples of regulated industries include energy, gas, and water.
A number of legal systems also apply to the aviation industry. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has recommended specific standards for safe aviation. Most national civil aviation acts align with the recommendations of IATA, or International Civil Aviation Organization. Aviation law is constantly changing as new science and technologies are developed.